Schutzhund - For the Sport of it
Schutzhund is similar to 3-day eventing with horses. It may take up to 2 years to become ready to trial in schutzhund, especially
if you are starting with a young puppy. The most difficult part is to find the correct dog for the work. It takes a very sound animal in both mind
and body to compete.
You are judged in the sport of Schutzhund in three areas:
Before the Schutzhund Trial
You must first pass a temperament test and obtain a BH
degree to be able to compete in schutzhund. The BH
obedience degree and temperament evaluation only, not a schutzhund title. There are minimum age requirements to enter your dog in these schutzhund
Recent Rule Changes in Schutzhund
New Trial Rules Info 2012
There will no longer be “SchH or VPG” titles, only IPO.
The former WH title is gone!
A minimum score of 80 in protection is no longer required to move on to the next level. A minimum of 70 points is sufficient for the dog to go to the next level.
A Judge may judge up to a maximum of 36 parts in one day.
Note: It is still ok to present multiple scorebooks.
BH and BH/VT
Sit Exercise - Handler stops after 10 to 15 steps and gives Sit Command while in Basic Position, then leaves 15 steps.
Down with Recall Exercise – Handler stops after 10 to 15 steps and gives Down Command while in Basic Position, then leaves 30 steps
BH/VT is for the first time Handler and includes the “theoretical examination” and the training/behavioral tests. DVG America is exempt and still does not require this test.
Leather collars are permissible at this level!
IPO A 1, IPO A 2, & IPO A 3 (Utility Dog Title) The phases B/C are carried out for levels 1-3, similar to the old SchH A, but allowing a level 2 and 3 to be earned.
FPr- 1-3: Tracking tests only phase A (BH required but can skip levels)
UPr-1-3: Obedience tests only phase B (BH required but can skip levels)
SPr-1-3: Protection phase C can only be given when in conjunction with a FPr 1-3 or a UPr1-3. (BH required but can skip levels)
IPO ZTP: International Breed Suitability Test.
Clubs are not required to offer this title in trials.
I.P.O. V: International Preliminary working test
Clubs are not required to offer this title in trials.
IPO 1-3: International Working test levels 1-3
FH1 : Tracking test (1 track-1 day)
FH2 : Tracking test (1 track-1 day)
IPO-FH: International tracking test (2 FH 2 tracks, performed on 2 days, same judge allowed for Club trials, 2 judges for Championships)
STp 1-3: Article search indication test
Only major change is the articles are now worth 21 points-----no more “Good” rating without indication!
OBEDIENCE Main Changes:
IPO 1 will report in to the judge on leash. IPO 2 & 3 removes the leash before entering the field and report in off leash.
For the jumps, the dog must do at least 1 jump and complete the retrieving portion in order to receive any points at all
In all Out of Motion exercises WITHOUT RECALL Handlers only need to (and should) PROCEED 15 paces after executing the command to Sit or Stand! (In all exercises that the dog is RECALLED the Handler still goes 30 paces away.)
All Dumbbell re-throws; The dog must stay in place at SIT! (If the dog follows the Handler past the equipment, exercise is over, “M” 0 points) If the dog leaves the SIT, but does not go beyond a partial score will be given.
Main Changes and Comments:
IPO 1 reports in on lead and proceeds to the start position of the search on lead, and then the lead is removed.
IPO 2 and 3 reports in off lead and heels off lead to the start position for the search.
Escape is to be done with a command such as “Voran”, “Go.
The Escape exercise is now properly executed by the HANDLER giving a "go" command at the same time as the Helper is directed by the Judge to go. Failure to give the command is faulty.
Defense exercise remains the same.
Back Transport must be at least a minimum distance of 30 paces and does not have to have a corner.
Attack on Dog out of Motion (Long Attack, Courage Test) for all levels the Handler / Dog Team are positioned at the end of the field between blinds 1 and 2.
The Helper will always come out of blind six and will run further up field for the IP01 and IPO 2 before the dog is released. Distance is Full field for IP03.
For IPO1 the Helper must run down field and the dog is released at about 30 -40 paces from the Helper.
IPO2 the dog is released at about 40-50paces from the Helper.
IPO 3 the dog is released about full field after the Helper has turned and threatened the dog.
The Helper runs out of the Blind to the midline of the field and turns to attack the dog for all levels of the long attack in IPO 1-3.
Verbal threats are given 2 times, once after Helper turns towards the dog, and once more just prior to contact with stick threat!
After reporting out the Handler is required to free heel their dog a distance away from the Judge and Helper. (3 to 5 paces in all levels)
After the helper stops, there MUST be a TRANSITION phase from fight to out.
General Rules Protection
Rules state that for more than seven dogs in a level, an additional helper is required. For DVG/USA Club Trials this rule will be waived to allow smaller clubs with only one helper to hold trials.
All dogs in the same level must be worked by the same helper unless there are special circumstances where a helper is also entered in the trial. This must be discussed and approved by the judge.
Six blinds are always set upon the trial field regardless of whether there any IPO 2 or 3 dogs. This is done to show control of the IPO 1 and 2 dogs.
One Helper may work front and back half SchH3 at club level.
General and Specific Rules regarding Tracking as discussed at the WUSV Judges
Club must provide appropriate grounds for all levels
Judge is responsible for the track laying and should be present if possible
SchH 3 tracks must each be laid in a different pattern
SchH 1&2 tracks should be laid in different patterns
Normal paces at all corners. The pace used in the straight is the same
in the turn.
The scent pad does not have a criteria for the amount of time to be
spent at the start
Starts (scent pad) runs into the evaluation of the first leg of the
Just do not say "correct work", describe why the work is
If a dog checks briefly to left/right, but does not leave the track,
it is not faulty if the dog is intensive and self assured. Principle being, no
one knows what may have effected the scent (animal, difficult portion,change of terrain)
It is not faulty for a dog to stop briefly at a corner, check left/right then continue. This is if the dogs did not leave the track and does not
circle, but merely checked with his head.
If the corner is laid in a change of terrain, or in very difficult conditions,
different from the straight leg, it may not be faulty if the dog stays
within one meter and is not hectic.
Speed and work of the dog must be constant, only if the terrain is constant
It is not faulty if a dog overshoots or corner slightly because of wind
or severe terrain changes at a corner (slightly is under 1 meter)
Describe the 100 point exercise
Article indication must be convincing and sure, and in the direction
of the track. If a dogs tracks slow and his behavior at the article is with the
same speed and definition as the track, then is may not be faulty
Judge must be in a position to properly see all aspects of the tracking.
However, the judge should not interfere with the dog's ability to work.
By principal at dog could miss all the articles and make 80 points,
a good rating. However, there is a fault in the dogs behavior and therefore must
only get a satisfactory
Laying of a dogs body part, including the head on the article is faulty
Any influence to down the dog at the article should be rated as 0 points
On dogs that retrieve the articles, the dogs are rated in similar approach
as to the dumbbell exercises. The dog must sit in front and must hold
the article calmly
If a dog should swallows a retrieved article, the dog can only receive
If dog refuses to release the article, the dog must be disqualified
The dog must be responsible for 100% of the decisions on the track
At the start. Once the handler sets up and allows the dog to go, the
handler cannot move once the line starts through their hands
If you allow a person to track on a short line (under 10 meters), and
do not discover the mistake until after the track, there is not fault to the
dog and handler
Praising the dog on the track is not faulty. However, the dog
cannot be praised at the start until the handler is walking down the
track with the dog, and, at the corners, may not be praised until the dog is
committed into the leg. A suggested guideline is that the handler is
following the dog into the leg as well.
A dog that tracks with an open mouth in very difficult conditions and
long on tracks, may not be faulty since this could be a mechanism for
cooling itself, as long as the dog is tracking intently and with deep nose.
Set up for tracking 2-4 meters from the start point.
Article indication. Once the dog has indicated the article, the handler
has two options for praising the dog. 1st; the handler shows the article,
then after approval puts the article away. Then a touching of the dog
is permitted before picking up the tracking line. The other alternative is
that the handler may praise the dog (even with touching) before showing
the article. The handler may do one or the other, but not both.
VDH rules for schutzhund
Size and material of the articles must be strictly enforced.
In SchH1 and SchH2 it is possible to place first article upon judges instruction on first track leg.
Numbering of articles is not necessary for local club trials.
Command “Such” only at the start and after the articles.
Repetition of the command as well as praising during tracking is not allowed.
Obedience SchH 1 – 3
Report off leash.
Top of 1 meter jump has to be steady, (No broom or flip-flop).
Check weight on dumbbells.
Only dumbbells provided by hosting club are allowed.
In the go ahead exercise the command “platz” only upon the judges signal.
Marking the trial place for the different exercises is absolutely necessary even in local trial.
In the blind search only the same command during entire exercise, either “voran” or “revier”. Using one
command on certain blinds and another one at other blinds is not allowed.
Place of handler during blind search in SchH1 is between blind 4 and 5. In SchH2 place is between blind 3 and
4.After the exercise bark and hold the dog needs to be called to heel. Only in SchH1 it is still allowed to pick up the dog.
The protection routine needs to be terminated if the dog can not be called out of the blind with 3 commands. In
the attack after the escape the dog will not be driven towards the handler. The disarming of the helper is done without helper
raising his arms. Handler does not go with dog behind blind in the “long bite”, but will send dog from marked point.
About the Schutzhund Site
On the left of this page are links to specific articles for tracking
and message board
for those of you wanting to ask trainers that are more experienced, questions about your particular schutzhund training goals. An area to list
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I have been collecting these articles for many years. If you have something to contribute, please feel free to get in touch with me so I can add
it to the growing list of training articles for the sport of schutzhund and other working dog activities. If you have a great picture, send it for
the cover page.
AIM name is lindadobe if you would like to chat.